Article

Philosophy of Neuroscience

Ian Gold and Adina L. Roskies

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology

Published in print July 2008 | ISBN: 9780195182057
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195182057.003.0016

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Philosophy

 Philosophy of Neuroscience

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This article indicates problems that can be addressed in the philosophy of neuroscience. The first issue is to understand the shape or nature of the science as a whole. Neuroscience is a data-rich discipline. It is a science that consists of an abundance of facts, but no theories. Another problem relates to how to analyze core concepts, principles, methods, and fundamental questions unique to that science. Neuroscientists follow the principle of functional localization which states that brain functions are localized to particular anatomical sites. The study about how the brain supports consciousness is a new development. The article also illuminates traditional philosophical questions with attention to explain empirical results. A broad range of topics has been addressed in neurophilosophy, including many aspects of perception; representation; the emotions; and the nature of pain. Neuroscience has proved to be relevant to the philosophy of psychology.

Keywords: philosophy; neuroscience; theories; science; concepts; methods; psychology

Article.  15160 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Philosophy of Mind ; Philosophy of Science

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