Article

Biology and Religion

Nancey Murphy and Jeffrey P. Schloss

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology

Published in print July 2008 | ISBN: 9780195182057
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195182057.003.0024

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Philosophy

 Biology and Religion

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This article tries to deal with the issues of biology versus religion. This relates to a conflict between evolutionary and biblical accounts of Earth's history. The most important area involves the question of a transcendent. The second involves the almost universally affirmed but differently joined religious responses to the human suffering. The third area of intersection between evolutionary and religious understandings of human nature involves the biblical notion of human uniqueness. All religions entail some notion of transcendent purpose or sacred meaning. There are developments in biology with important implications for religion because of the vast increase in knowledge of the workings of the brain. This does not prove the nonexistence of the soul, but suggests that the concept of soul as an explanatory construct has outlived its usefulness. This also plays a valuable role in ethics. Biology will prove to be a help in this case.

Keywords: biology; religion; biblical notion; evolutionary; soul; human; ethics

Article.  11429 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Philosophy of Science ; Philosophy of Religion

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