Article

The <i>Sophist</i> on Statements, Predication, and Falsehood

Lesley Brown

in The Oxford Handbook of Plato

Published in print August 2008 | ISBN: 9780195182903
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195182903.003.0018

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Philosophy

 The Sophist on Statements, Predication, and Falsehood

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Of the later dialogues of Plato, the Sophists stand out. This article highlights the concept of sophist as propounded by Plato. A didactic approach runs through the text. Socrates harps on the relation between sophist, philosopher and a statesman. Are they three different or they are the same. The basic idea that Plato wants to convey is, both features highlight some of the key enigmas of the dialogue: What is the relation between the outer and middle parts? How seriously are we to take the outer part? And is there a genuine, and successful, attempt to say what the sophist is? The article focuses on two key problems discussed and solved in the middle part: the late-learners' problem (the denial of predication), and the problem of false statement. The article also discusses communion of kinds and Plato's idea of the four quartets.

Keywords: Plato; dialogues; Sophist; didactic approach; philosopher; statesman; communion of kinds; four quartets

Article.  13821 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Classical Philosophy ; Philosophy of Language

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