Externalist Responses to Skepticism

Michael Bergmann

in The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism

Published in print September 2008 | ISBN: 9780195183214
Published online September 2009 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Philosophy

 Externalist Responses to Skepticism

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This article examines the epistemic externalist responses to skepticism. It focuses on two prominent theses about externalist responses to skepticism, one positive and one negative. The positive thesis holds that externalism alone avoids skepticism and the negative thesis identifies a defect of externalism that it implausibly avoids skepticism. It discusses the four objections to externalism's handling of skepticism and suggests that externalists can respond to these objections by arguing that the objections apply just as strongly to the only live option for nonexternalists which is serious moderate nonexternalism.

Keywords: epistemic externalist; skepticism; nonexternalism; externalism

Article.  14858 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Epistemology

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