Article

Virtue‐Theoretic Responses to Skepticism

Guy Axtell

in The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism

Published in print September 2008 | ISBN: 9780195183214
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195183214.003.0026

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Philosophy

 Virtue‐Theoretic Responses to Skepticism

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This article examines the different responses of virtue theory to skepticism. It explains that virtue theory is concerned with philosophical evaluation of human agents in their interaction with the world and its central focus in on understanding agents and the habits and dispositions through which their interactions in the world unfold allows for the acknowledgment of analogies between epistemic and ethical evaluation. It analyses the responses of the proponents of the virtue epistemology (VE) to radical skepticism, particularly the Pyrrhonian skepticism and the underdetermination-based argument. It provides suggestions on how to improve the prospects of virtue-theoretic responses to skepticism and outline a version of VE that seeks to recast somewhat how we understand the externalist turn in epistemology.

Keywords: virtue theory; skepticism; epistemic evaluation; ethical evaluation; virtue epistemology; Pyrrhonian skepticism; underdetermination-based argument

Article.  11053 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Epistemology ; Classical Philosophy

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