Article

Flow Theory and Research

Jeanne Nakamura and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

in The Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology

Second edition

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780195187243
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195187243.013.0018
 Flow Theory and Research

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This chapter describes flow, the experience of complete absorption in the present moment, and the experiential approach to positive psychology that it represents. We summarize the model of optimal experience and development that is associated with the concept of flow, and describe several ways of measuring flow, giving particular attention to the experience sampling method. We review some of the recent research concerning the outcomes and dynamics of flow, its conditions at school and work, and interventions that have been employed to foster flow. Finally, we identify some of the promising directions for flow research moving into the future.

Keywords: flow; human development; motivation; optimal functioning; subjective experience

Article.  8106 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Social Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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