Cynthia L. S. Pury and Shane J. Lopez

in The Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology

Second edition

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780195187243
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

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Courage is the well-praised but little-researched virtue of voluntarily facing personal risk to pursue worthy goals. This chapter reviews research on courage and its relationship to fear, morally relevant internal states, efficacy, character development, social influence, altruism, self-regulation, and gender differences, as well as potential measures of courage and applications. The development of additional performance measures of courageous behavior is needed to inform models of courageous behavior, and, ultimately, courage-related interventions.

Keywords: bravery; courage; human strengths; valor; values

Article.  5730 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Social Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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