Primary Education

Marietta Horster

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780195188004
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Classics and Ancient History

Primary Education


This article discusses the primary education of Romans, which was narrowly linked to Rome's history and the greatness of the early Romans. The discussion begins with a section on the differences in social class and gender, where the elite enjoyed high standards of moral education, while those belonging to the lower classes did not learn reading and writing. The next section looks at the role of parents in education, and then moves on to examine teachers and “schools” that the children attended. Some schools were located on the streets, while others were found on the corner of the forum. It then studies what the students' days were like and how they progressed through the primary and secondary levels of education. Finally, a discussion of the main goals of primary education for Roman children is presented.

Keywords: primary education; Greek education; moral education; role of parents; teachers; schools; education levels; main goals

Article.  8595 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Ancient Roman History

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