Article

The Racism of Intelligence: How Mental Testing Practices Have Constituted an Institutionalized Form of Group Domination

Jean-Claude Croizet

in The Oxford Handbook of African American Citizenship, 1865-Present

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780195188059
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195188059.013.0034

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Politics & International Relations

 The Racism of Intelligence: How Mental Testing Practices Have Constituted an Institutionalized Form of Group Domination

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This article focuses on intelligence testing and discusses its role in the process of group domination between whites and blacks and more generally between the haves and the have-nots. The article first argues that standardized testing, from its inception, has constituted an institutionalized arrangement aimed at expropriating resources from dominated groups to maintain dominant groups' privileges. For this purpose, the article reviews what is considered to be the main steps in the history of intelligence testing. It then argues that the concepts of merit and intelligence have played a major role as control ideologies in sustaining the long-term expropriative relationship between blacks and whites. This form of ideological control can be called the racism of intelligence, the main characteristics of which are delineated.

Keywords: intelligence testing; racism; group domination; standardized testing; expropriative relationship; ideological control

Article.  23707 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; US Politics ; Political Behaviour

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