Joseph G. Manning

in The Oxford Handbook of the State in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean

Published in print February 2013 | ISBN: 9780195188318
Published online January 2013 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Classics and Ancient History


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  • Classical Studies
  • Egyptology
  • Greek and Roman Law
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This chapter examines the history of, and the important factors that contributed to, state formation in ancient Egypt during the period from around 3500 BCE to the end of the Ptolemaic dynasty in 30 BCE. It explains that there are four major cycles of centralization and three cycles of crisis in Egyptian history, and that the account of both are often exaggerated. The chapter also discusses the three main trends in the understanding of the Egyptian state and the different models of state of formation.

Keywords: ancient Egypt; state formation; Ptolemaic dynasty; centralization; crisis

Article.  15069 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Egyptology ; Greek and Roman Law ; Classical History

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