Article

Ancient Near Eastern City-States

Steven J. Garfinkle

in The Oxford Handbook of the State in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean

Published in print February 2013 | ISBN: 9780195188318
Published online January 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195188318.013.0004

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Classics and Ancient History

 Ancient Near Eastern City-States

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This chapter examines the history of the formation of city-states in the Fertile Crescent. It provides a working definition of city-state in both spatial and social terms, and describes the city-state, focusing on the historical periods of early Mesopotamia. The chapter also considers the ideology of the city-state, the administration of an integrated economy, the emergence of kingship and institutions of government, and the replacement of the city-state system with territorial kingdoms.

Keywords: city-states; Fertile Crescent; early Mesopotamia; ideology; integrated economy; kingship; institutions of government; territorial kingdoms

Article.  12171 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Middle Eastern Languages ; Greek and Roman Law ; Classical History

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