Article

The Roman Empire IIThe Monarchy

Peter Fibiger Bang

in The Oxford Handbook of the State in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean

Published in print February 2013 | ISBN: 9780195188318
Published online January 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195188318.013.0016

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Classics and Ancient History

 The Roman Empire IIThe Monarchy

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This chapter examines the transformation of the Roman Empire from a republican to a monarchy system of government, explaining that the republican system was replaced because its political institutions were too small to manage the growing social power brought about by military expansionism. It discusses how the first emperor Augustus consolidated his monarchy by creating an institutional infrastructure that sought to regularize the retirement of the soldiery, and also considers the source of stability of the monarchy and the emergence of empire-wide aristocracy.

Keywords: Roman Empire; monarchy; political institutions; military expansionism; social power; Augustus; institutional infrastructure; soldiery; aristocracy

Article.  31846 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Ancient Roman History ; Greek and Roman Law ; Classical History

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