The Byzantine Successor State

John F. Haldon

in The Oxford Handbook of the State in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean

Published in print February 2013 | ISBN: 9780195188318
Published online January 2013 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Classics and Ancient History

 The Byzantine Successor State

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This chapter examines the history of state formation in the Byzantine Empire, or the eastern Roman Empire, during the fourth century to the fifteenth century CE. It explains that the Byzantine successor state evolved out of Roman institutional arrangements structured as a hierarchy of administrative levels and that it was a complex bureaucracy which required a substantial degree of more-than-minimal clerical literacy for its day-to-day administration. The chapter also chronicles the growth of the town-based landlord elite or gentry that was associated with the economic expansion and growth of the period, and which had critical implications for state control over the distribution of resources.

Keywords: Byzantine Empire; state formation; Roman Empire; Byzantine successor state; complex bureaucracy; landlord elite; institutional arrangements; economic expansion; state control; distribution of resources

Article.  11070 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Classical History

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