Millennialism and Radical Islamist Movements

Jeffrey T. Kenney

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780195301052
Published online January 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Millennialism and Radical Islamist Movements

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Radical Islamist movements constitute the system of Islamism or political Islam, which, in the absence of a coherent socio-political, religious, or economic doctrine, becomes difficult to comprehend and analyze. Its versatile nature is only categorized by its bridging nature between politics and religion. Islamism capitalizes on the political potential of millennialism and blends Muslim experiences across time and space to create a uniform structure of reference. Against this backdrop, Islamist efforts are mostly restorative; revitalizing nature—an aspect of salvations, from decadence, looms large. Sayyid Qutb, the Muslim Brotherhood ideologue, introduced contemporary times to the concept of Jihad, for ridding Islam of modern ills of polytheism, capitalism, communism, and democracy, and establishing the ideal Muslim society. Political Islam also includes moderate elements, pitching for political dialogue from a religio-political perspective. However, saturation with institutions predominates and motivates most of Islamism gamut, simulating the crisis, from which they aspire to be delivered.

Keywords: millennialism; radical Islamist movements; political Islam; Sayyid Qutb; Jihad; Islamism; Muslim Brotherhood ideologue; ideal Muslim society

Article.  12699 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Religious Studies ; Islam

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