Article

Greece

Paul C. Millett

in The Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780195304657
Published online January 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195304657.013.0003

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Greece

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This chapter assesses the Greek writing on the subject of warfare. The plausibility of Demosthenes' presentation of Philip's waging of war is also addressed. The issues of orality and performance had directly impacted almost all Greek authors concerned with warfare. The story of archaic poetry had indicated a spectrum of military engagement. It is noted that prosecutions arising out of military offences and death in battle have a relatively high profile in the Orators, and that warfare naturally has a major role in the process of growth and decline. The fullest reflection of Thucydides on the implications of war had combined material with psychological considerations. Xenophon's experience with the Athenian cavalry had been directly reflected in his Hipparchios or “The Duties of a Cavalry Commander,” and in Peri hippikes or “On Horsemanship.”

Keywords: warfare; Greek writing; Demosthenes; orality; archaic poetry; Thucydides; Xenophon

Article.  13767 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Classical Literature ; Ancient Greek History

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