Article

Epaminondas at Leuctra, 371 <span class="smallCaps">b.c.</span>

John Buckler

in The Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780195304657
Published online January 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195304657.013.0034

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Epaminondas at Leuctra, 371 b.c.

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This chapter addresses the time of Theban general Epaminondas at Leuctra, specifically reviewing his battle in Leuctra. Leuctra in 371 BC was established as one of the most dramatic and decisive battles of the period. Under the leadership of Epaminondas, the Thebans judged the peace to be nothing more than a legal pretext for renewed war. The novel and totally unexpected arrangement of Epaminondas's army is shown. His stunning victory at Leuctra was due to his combination of seven military dispositions, and his preparation of cavalry casts striking light on an important aspect of the battle and on Xenophon's duplicitous account of the battle itself. In conclusion, Epaminondas's designs at Leuctra combied the traditional and the novel as never before. Thus, no one can or should claim that everything he did was original.

Keywords: Epaminondas; Leuctra; 371 BC; Thebans; war; military dispositions; cavalry

Article.  7133 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Ancient Greek History

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