Article

The Science of Research and the Search for Molecular Mechanisms of Cognitive Functions

Alcino J. Silva and John Bickle

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780195304787
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195304787.003.0005

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 The Science of Research and the Search for Molecular Mechanisms of Cognitive Functions

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This article considers research methodologies relevant to the search for molecular mechanisms of cognitive functions. It proposes a new general framework for understanding contemporary science called the science of research (SR). It discusses two scientific puzzles concerning the neurobiology of cognitive functions and some recently noticed inefficiencies in institutionalized science across the board. It suggests that both of these puzzle can be addressed by the SR framework for discovering and testing hypotheses about science. It also discusses the so-called positive and negative alteration and describes Koch's postulates, John Stuart Mill's methods, and reductionism in actual scientific practice.

Keywords: research methodologies; molecular mechanisms; cognitive functions; science of research; neurobiology; scientific inefficiencies; Koch's postulates; John Stuart Mill's methods; reductionism

Article.  16097 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Philosophy of Mind ; Philosophy of Science

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