Learning, Neuroscience, and the Return of Behaviorism

Peter K. Machamer

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780195304787
Published online September 2009 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Learning, Neuroscience, and the Return of Behaviorism


This article attempts to answer questions concerning the relation of neuroscience to behaviorism. It explains the meaning of behaviorism and investigates whether all scientific experiments in learning and memory are designed according to repetition, classical conditioning, and stimulus-response-reward (SRR) paradigms. It also examines whether reward leaning and classical conditioning can be generalized in a way that allows explanations of all forms of memory encoding and learning that animals and humans accomplish.

Keywords: neuroscience; behaviorism; leaning; memory; repetition; classical conditioning; SRR paradigm; reward learning; memory encoding

Article.  4866 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Philosophy of Mind

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