Article

Emergentism at the Crossroads of Philosophy, Neurotechnology, and the Enhancement Debate

Eric Racine and Judy Illes

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780195304787
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195304787.003.0018

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Emergentism at the Crossroads of Philosophy, Neurotechnology, and the Enhancement Debate

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This article examines the implications of emergentism for research in philosophy and neurotechnology and evaluates the capabilities of brain-machine interfaces (BMI) to enhance brain function. It argues that the emergentist approach, for which reduction is necessary but insufficient to understand the higher level properties of the self, provides the strongest option for guiding the present ethical debate concerning BMI. The article suggests that BMI constitutes groundbreaking therapeutic interventions because it leads to a more complete ethical analysis that includes scientific, normative, and cultural considerations.

Keywords: emergentism; philosophy; neurotechnology; brain-machine interfaces; brain function; therapeutic interventions

Article.  9430 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Philosophy of Mind ; Philosophy of Science

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