Article

Understanding the Development of Attention in Persons with Intellectual Disability: Challenging the Myths

Grace Iarocci, Mafalda Porporino, James T. Enns and Jacob A. Burack

in The Oxford Handbook of Intellectual Disability and Development

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780195305012
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195305012.013.0006

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Understanding the Development of Attention in Persons with Intellectual Disability: Challenging the Myths

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This chapter focuses on the attentional abilities of the persons with specific etiologies. It begins with an extensive review of the literature on attention in persons with the most common organic forms of intellectual disability. It then summarizes the results of a survey of studies on attention in Down syndrome, fragile X, and Williams syndrome, and discusses the implications of these findings for future research in the area. The chapter proposes to apply a framework for understanding developmental change and stability in selective attention, a framework that initially emerged in the course of understanding the role of attention in automobile driving and was later applied to the development of attention over the typical human lifespan.

Keywords: Attention; attentional disability; intellectual disability; Down syndrome; fragile X syndrome; Williams syndrome

Article.  5680 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Developmental Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology

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