Article

Memory and Learning in Intellectual Disabilities

Stefano Vicari

in The Oxford Handbook of Intellectual Disability and Development

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780195305012
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195305012.013.0007

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Memory and Learning in Intellectual Disabilities

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This chapter reviews the neuropsychological literature and recent experimental studies on long-term memory and learning development in intellectual disabilities (ID), particularly in genetic syndromes. The main goal is to report specific profiles of memory capacities (with some components more preserved and others more impaired) in people with ID of different etiologies but similar severity. Consistently with a neuropsychological approach, distinct memory profiles in ID and, more specifically, in genetic syndromes can be traced to the characteristics of their brain development and architecture. Therefore, the possible correlation between memory profiles and brain development will also be presented and discussed.

Keywords: Intellectual disability; long-term memory; short-term memory; learning; genetic syndromes

Article.  9185 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Developmental Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology

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