Article

Short-term Memory and Working Memory in Mental Retardation

Christopher Jarrold and Jon Brock

in The Oxford Handbook of Intellectual Disability and Development

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780195305012
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195305012.013.0008

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Short-term Memory and Working Memory in Mental Retardation

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This chapter provides an overview of the range of working memory impairments associated with learning disability, and the possible consequences of such deficits. In doing so, it raises a number of questions, notably: Are there aspects of short-term or working memory that are particularly vulnerable to mental retardation? Are there any syndrome-specific patterns of working memory impairments? And, how might these relate to educational outcomes and other aspects of cognitive and linguistic development? To properly interpret findings from studies involving individuals with mental retardation, the chapter begins by raising a number of general methodological points about the assessment of working memory, and by emphasizing the theoretical distinction between working memory and short-term memory.

Keywords: Working memory; cognitive development; memory impairment; learning disability; linguistic development; mental retardation

Article.  12539 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Developmental Psychology

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