Article

Episodic Memory

Michael Colombo and Harlene Hayne

in Oxford Handbook of Developmental Behavioral Neuroscience

Published in print November 2009 | ISBN: 9780195314731
Published online July 2014 | | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195314731.013.0031
Episodic Memory

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The term episodic memory is used to refer to the recollection of personal, past experiences. More recently, the term has also been used to refer to the ability to use past experience to make plans for the future. According to Tulving, episodic memory is a uniquely human ability; no other animal has the ability to scan the past or plan for the future and, in humans, episodic memory does not emerge until approximately the age of 4. This chapter reviews the literature on episodic memory. Despite some elegant experimental procedures, no single study to date yields conclusive evidence for episodic memory in animals, infants, or very young children. Instead, the data can be reinterpreted in terms of simpler mechanisms that do not require episodic memory.

Keywords: episodic memory; recollection; past experiences; Tulving

Article.  14139 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Neuroscience

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