Daniel A. Arnold

in The Oxford Handbook of World Philosophy

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780195328998
Published online September 2011 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks


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This article provides an introduction to Mīmāṃsā. Mīmāṃsā names one of the six major Brahmanical schools of Indian philosophy. Its principal concern is with the interpretation and appropriate use of those Vedic texts that involve the performance of sacrificial rituals. The school is most familiar to philosophers for its influential contribution to epistemological discourse in India: the doctrine of the svataḥ prāmāṇya (“intrinsic reliability”) of doxastic practices. In ways comparable to the approach of some contemporary proponents of “reformed epistemology,” this view has it that the truth-conduciveness of doxastic practices cannot be demonstrated without epistemic circularity; hence, defeasible justification is all that our ways of knowing can yield.

Keywords: Indian philosophy; svataḥ prāmāṇya; doxastic practices; sacrificial rituals

Article.  4274 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Non-Western Philosophy

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