Article

Indo-Tibetan Buddhist Philosophy

William Edelglass and Jay L. Garfield

in The Oxford Handbook of World Philosophy

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780195328998
Published online September 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195328998.003.0018

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Indo-Tibetan Buddhist Philosophy

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This section of the book begins by highlighting the importance to every Buddhist tradition of when the historical Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama achieved awakening at Bodh Gaya, in India. The Buddhist world is vast, the text states, and has generated numerous schools of thought and philosophical systems elaborating on fundamental insights. There is considerable variety within the label “Buddhist Philosophy”. Central to any Buddhist view of reality is the insight that all phenomena are impermanent, without essence (or selfless), and interdependent. While Buddhists generally understand insight into the nature of reality to be necessary for liberation, it is not regarded as sufficient. Insight is an antidote to ignorance, but liberation also requires the overcoming of attachment and aversion, which is achieved through the cultivation of moral discipline and mindfulness.

Keywords: Buddhist tradition; Bodh Gaya; Siddhartha Gautama; liberation; selfless; attatchment; mindfulness

Article.  2349 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Non-Western Philosophy

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