Article

The Hellenizing Philosophers

Andrey Smirnov

in The Oxford Handbook of World Philosophy

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780195328998
Published online September 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195328998.003.0034

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 The Hellenizing Philosophers

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This article discusses the appropriation and adoption of Greek philosophical knowledge by Islamic thinkers. The Islamic thinkers who introduced Greek philosophy and Hellenistic approaches to doing philosophy are referred to as the “Hellenizing Philosophers.” There are two primary reasons why Muslim scholars embraced Greek philosophy. First, Greek philosophy was regarded as perfect, accomplished wisdom. The second reason Greek philosophy flourished in Muslim lands was the closing of the foremost schools of Greek learning under Roman emperors in the fifth and sixth centuries—for example, the Edessa School was closed by Zenon in 489 and the Athenian Academy by Justinian in 529. The teachers and students from these institutions were hosted by Persia where they resumed their activities. As a result, Greek learning was concentrated for the next several centuries in Iran and Central Asia.

Keywords: Greek philosophy; Islamic philosophy; Islamic thinkers; philosophers

Article.  5861 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Non-Western Philosophy

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