Philosophy of Illumination

Hossein Ziai

in The Oxford Handbook of World Philosophy

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780195328998
Published online September 2011 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Philosophy of Illumination

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This article provides an introduction to the Philosophy of Illumination. The Philosophy of Illumination was first introduced in the twelfth century as a holistic system distinct from both Ibn Sīnā's Peripateticism and the period's rising theological philosophy. The aim of the Philosophy of Illumination is to refine rational philosophy, not to refute it, and thus to provide an alternative approach to analytical and rational philosophy in response to al-Ghazzālī's attacks on rationalism in his Incoherence of the Philosophers. The Philosophy of Illumination, while never attaining the mainstream acceptance bestowed on textbook philosophy defined by Abharī's work, was, however, elevated to the level of an independent school of philosophy, widely regarded as the most creative continuation of philosophical investigation after Ibn Sīnā.

Keywords: Islamic philosophy; holistic system; rational philosophy; Ibn Sīnā

Article.  3868 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Non-Western Philosophy

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