Barbara L. Packer

in The Oxford Handbook of Transcendentalism

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780195331035
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks


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This article explains the concept of Romanticism relating it with Transcendentalism and Puritanism. Romanticism influenced future Transcendentalists at different times. During the first period, which extended from around 1810 to the end of the 1820s, the Transcendentalists read Romantic authors with uncritical delight. The exclusion of women from higher studies made Transcendentalist women especially fond of Romantic writings as the intellectual fearlessness of the Romantic writers appealed to their hidden sense of defiance. Transcendentalists such as Alcott, Emerson, Fuller, and Peabody were prominent lovers of Romantic literature. Wordsworth was one such writer who was widely read in that sense. Romanticism had different levels of influence on Transcendentalism. Though the works of the Transcendentalists and Romanticists differed at some level, all their footprints mingled at another level. The article also explains the differences that had occurred among the Transcendentalists over the period of time.

Keywords: Romanticism; Harvard Divinity School; poetry; novels; saints

Article.  9443 words. 

Subjects: Literature ; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers) ; Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets)

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