Article

Cosmological and Design Arguments

Alexander R. Pruss and Richard M. Gale

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print June 2007 | ISBN: 9780195331356
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195331356.003.0006

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Cosmological and Design Arguments

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Unlike the ontological argument, which appeals only to highly sophisticated philosophers who delight in highly abstract deductive reasoning, cosmological and design arguments figure prominently in the argumentative support that everyday working theists give for their faith. The reason for this broad pastoral appeal is that these arguments begin with commonplace facts about the world and then, by appeal to principles that look plausible, establish the existence of a being who, while not shown to have all of God's essential properties, properties that God must have to exist, is at least a close cousin of the God of traditional Western theism. This article begins with a preliminary botanization of these arguments, indicating their similarities and differences, and then discusses each of them separately, giving prominence to the many different forms they take. Each of the two arguments begins with a contingent existential fact.

Keywords: cosmological argument; design argument; deductive reasoning; Western theism; botanization; existential fact

Article.  10833 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Philosophy of Religion ; Metaphysics ; Philosophy of Science

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