Canadian Environmental Politics and Policy

Michael Howlett and Sima Joshi‐Koop

in The Oxford Handbook of Canadian Politics

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780195335354
Published online September 2010 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Canadian Environmental Politics and Policy

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This article examines government engagement in environmental issues in Canada since the 1950s. It focuses on the changes that have happened during this period at the federal level. In particular, the article discusses the diminishing capacity and willingness of the Canadian government to direct policy outcomes through traditional policy instruments such as regulation and laws, and the increased dependence on complex procedural instruments that only indirectly determine policy outcomes by altering the relations between the participants in the policy process. The first section discusses the domestic context for environmental issues and the key drivers and features of environmental politics and policy in Canada. The second section discusses how environmental issues entered the governmental agendas and how they are addressed by the government. The last section outlines the history of environmental policies in the twentieth century.

Keywords: government engagement; environmental issues; context; environmental policies; environmental politics

Article.  8369 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; Comparative Politics ; Public Policy

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