An Integrated Model of Psychological Capital in the Workplace

Carolyn M. Youssef and Fred Luthans

in Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology and Work

Published in print November 2009 | ISBN: 9780195335446
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 An Integrated Model of Psychological Capital in the Workplace

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  • Psychology
  • Organizational Psychology
  • Social Psychology


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Taking positive psychology to the workplace, a core construct of psychological capital or PsyCap (consisting of efficacy, hope, optimism, and resiliency) has recently received considerable attention. After summarizing this literature, the chapter is mainly devoted to presenting an integrated model of PsyCap to meet the challenges of further development. Specifically, this new model (1) recognizes negative as well as positive constructs, (2) incorporates traits as well as states, (3) uses multiple levels of analysis, and (4) is aimed at a broad range of work-related outcomes. The chapter concludes with several specific directions for future research and effective application.

Keywords: positive organizational behavior; psychological capital; multilevel psychological capital; workplace positive psychology

Article.  8875 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Organizational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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