Article

The Western Kingdoms

Michael Kulikowski

in The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780195336931
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195336931.013.0001

Series: Oxford Handbooks

The Western Kingdoms

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This article analyzes the emergence of kingdoms in a territory previously held by Roman magistrates. It shows that fifth-century kingdoms came into existence faute de mieux, and the mieux was known and desired by everyone: a functional Roman Empire in which reges had a recognizable place as clients of the empire and participants in its affairs. Only when that prospect became hopeless did they create territorial kingdoms, as a distinctly second-best alternative. The article begins with a discussion of the various reges of Late Antiquity, both those who founded "kingdoms" and those who did not. Kings were firmly linked to territorial kingdoms only from the late in the fifth century onwards.

Keywords: territorial kingdoms; kings; fifth century; Romans; Late Antiquity; reges

Article.  14609 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Ancient Roman History

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