War, Natural Disasters, and Forced Migration

Susan F. Martin

in Oxford Handbook of the Politics of International Migration

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780195337228
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

War, Natural Disasters, and Forced Migration


This article focuses on two categories of forced migrants—those displaced by conflict and those displaced by disasters—and the interconnections between them, particularly in the context of complex humanitarian emergencies. Using the typology of forced migration which considers the causes, timing, and geographic location of the displaced populations, the article sets out the legal and institutional frameworks in international and domestic law for protecting various categories of forced migrants. It then discusses the life cycle of displacement, exploring the stages of uprootedness. Next special problems encountered by involuntary migrants from conflict and natural disasters are identified. Finally, new challenges are examined, including the potential impact of climate change on mass displacement of people.

Keywords: forced migrants; mass displacement; conflict; international law; domestic law; climate change

Article.  9470 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; International Relations

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