Economic Effects of Migration: Receiving States

Pia M. Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny

in Oxford Handbook of the Politics of International Migration

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780195337228
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Economic Effects of Migration: Receiving States


This article reviews recent empirical research on the economic effects of immigration. After summarizing the labor market literature, it provides a survey of research on the effects of immigration on prices, economic growth and efficiency, and government revenue and expenditures. Immigration lowers prices, raises the level of economic activity, and in this way boosts the income of natives. Research indicates that high-skilled immigration is particularly economically advantageous, because it increases innovation and entrepreneurship, which can boost productivity and long-term economic growth. Low-skilled immigration offers fewer economic advantages, primarily because of its sizable negative fiscal impact.

Keywords: economic impact; immigration; labor market; economic growth; government revenue; immigrants

Article.  10916 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; International Relations

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