The Neuroscience of Personality Traits: Descriptions and Prescriptions

Angelina R. Sutin, Robert R. McCrae and Paul T. Costa

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780195342161
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 The Neuroscience of Personality Traits: Descriptions and Prescriptions

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Social Psychology


Show Summary Details


This chapter offers an overview of current knowledge on personality traits and specific recommendations about how it might inform and advance research in neuroscience. It begins by describing one central model in trait psychology, the five-factor model, and the relation between traits and similar constructs—specifically, temperament and mood. It then discusses several core features that suggest a biological basis for these traits and very briefly reviews theories on their biological origins. Next, it reviews recent research on one biological aspect of traits, their resting-state neural correlates. Finally, the chapter ends with future directions for the neuroscience of personality traits with an eye to how personality psychology can inform theoretical and practical approaches to neuroimaging research on individual differences.

Keywords: personality; neuroscience research; five-factor model; traits; temperament; mood

Article.  6455 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Neuroscience ; Social Psychology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.