Article

The Neuroscience of Personality Traits: Descriptions and Prescriptions

Angelina R. Sutin, Robert R. McCrae and Paul T. Costa

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780195342161
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195342161.013.0015

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

The Neuroscience of Personality Traits: Descriptions and Prescriptions

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This chapter offers an overview of current knowledge on personality traits and specific recommendations about how it might inform and advance research in neuroscience. It begins by describing one central model in trait psychology, the five-factor model, and the relation between traits and similar constructs—specifically, temperament and mood. It then discusses several core features that suggest a biological basis for these traits and very briefly reviews theories on their biological origins. Next, it reviews recent research on one biological aspect of traits, their resting-state neural correlates. Finally, the chapter ends with future directions for the neuroscience of personality traits with an eye to how personality psychology can inform theoretical and practical approaches to neuroimaging research on individual differences.

Keywords: personality; neuroscience research; five-factor model; traits; temperament; mood

Article.  6455 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Neuroscience ; Social Psychology

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