Brain Development during Childhood and Adolescence

Tomáš Paus

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780195342161
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Brain Development during Childhood and Adolescence

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  • Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
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This chapter discusses brain development during childhood and adolescence, based on findings obtained with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI contributed a wealth of information about the adolescent brain, documenting, in particular, its continuing structural maturation and beginning to elucidate interesting changes in its functional organization. Several large-scale MR-based studies of childhood and adolescence are under way, promising to deliver new insights into neural mechanisms underlying cognitive and emotional development during adolescence and, most importantly, to identify possible genetic and environmental influences on brain maturation and on cognitive and socio-emotional development during childhood and adolescence.

Keywords: brain development; adolescent brain; magnetic resonance imaging; neuroimaging; brain structure; brain function

Article.  13112 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Neuroscience ; Social Psychology

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