Article

Health and Social Relationships in Nonhuman Primates: Toward a Comparative Health Psychology

John P. Capitanio

in The Oxford Handbook of Health Psychology

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780195342819
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195342819.013.0035

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Health and Social Relationships in Nonhuman Primates: Toward a Comparative Health Psychology

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Humans are not the only creatures that show rich and complex social relationships, nor are they the only creatures for whom health is a significant concern. A comparative approach to the study of social relationships and health is taken in the present chapter, with a focus on research conducted with nonhuman primates. Ecological, evolutionary, and mechanistic studies of monkeys, from both field and laboratory, are described. Characteristics of social relationships as studied by primatologists are discussed, and the roles of three such characteristics (complementarity [social dominance], “meshing” [social buffering], and stability) on endocrine, immune, and disease-related endpoints (including simian immunodeficiency virus [SIV] infection, atherosclerosis, and parasite abundance), are reviewed. Finally, several questions for future research are suggested.

Keywords: Primates; monkeys; dominance; social buffering; social relationships; immune system; endocrine system; atherosclerosis; simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV); parasites

Article.  18519 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Health Psychology

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