Article

The Internationalization of Psychology

Ludy T. Benjamin and David B. Baker

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Psychology: Global Perspectives

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780195366556
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195366556.013.0001

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 The Internationalization of Psychology

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This chapter discusses the origins and development of the international organizations and meetings that have sought to bring together psychologists from all over the world, principally the International Congresses of Psychology, which began in 1889 and are organized now by the International Union of Psychological Science, and the International Congresses of Applied Psychology, which began in 1920 and now are planned by the International Association of Applied Psychology. From its largely European origins, this chapter shows how psychology grew as an experimental and applied science to encompass psychological organizations in more than 100 countries today. The early congresses were a mix of experimental psychologists and parapsychologists, with the latter group forming their own group after 1905. The subsequent development of the international congresses is a story of science, applications, and world politics.

Keywords: International psychology; International Congress of Psychology; International Congress of Applied Psychology; parapsychology; International Union of Psychological Science; International Association of Applied Psychology; World War I; World War II

Article.  9042 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; History and Systems in Psychology

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