Article

France

Françoise Parot

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Psychology: Global Perspectives

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780195366556
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195366556.013.0012

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

France

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This chapter describes the process by which, since World War II, psychology has been created as a discipline in France. The Republican system, within which the project of developing a scientific understanding of the individual was first laid down, was limited by the political desire to preserve liberty of conscience, the founding-stone of the Republic. Psychology, seen as a crisis of thought, was torn between the various requirements that faced each other down during episodes such as the fashion for Spencerism or the debate over hysteria. The overwhelming influence within the academic institutions of the physiologist Henri Piéron eventually gave rise to the discipline of psychology, once the practice of psychotherapy was accepted, which in turn was partly a consequence of the influence of psychoanalysis.

Keywords: Discipline; Republic; consciousness; positivism; spiritualism; hysteria; reductionism; interiority; psychology

Article.  21418 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; History and Systems in Psychology

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