Brigitte A. Khoury and Sarah Tabbarah

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Psychology: Global Perspectives

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780195366556
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology


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The history of psychology in Lebanon is closely linked to the start of the psychiatry field and dates back to the mid-19th century. Since then, the field has grown, despite major setbacks, such as the Lebanese civil war and the brain drain of professionals from the country. Psychologists are found currently in hospitals, mental health centers, community clinics, and academic settings. Psychologists are not present, however, in the Lebanese schools and industrial settings to the extent needed. Psychological research has also been more prevalent with the establishment of academic research centers. Academically, psychology is taught in almost all the Lebanese universities following one of three models: American, French or Arab. This chapter discusses the current state of psychology in Lebanon and talks about the contributions of the Lebanese psychological associations and societies, as well as the licensing and practice guideline challenges facing the profession of psychology in Lebanon.

Keywords: Psychology; psychiatry; mental health; Lebanon; Middle East; licensing; practice

Article.  7235 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; History and Systems in Psychology

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