The MMPI-2: History, Interpretation, and Clinical Issues

Andrew C. Cox, Nathan C. Weed and James N. Butcher

in Oxford Handbook of Personality Assessment

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780195366877
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 The MMPI-2: History, Interpretation, and Clinical Issues

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The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is the most widely used personality assessment instrument in research and clinical practice. This article orients new users to the test and highlights a number of current issues with the test that may also be of interest to experienced users. It briefly illustrates the development of MMPI-2, from its origins in the University of Minnesota Hospitals to its current form. The article then describes some of its key features and the contributions they make to assessing personality and psychopathology: Validity Scales, Clinical Scales, Content Scales, Supplementary Scales, Personality Psychopathology Five Scales, and Restructured Clinical Scales. It concludes by discussing specific clinical issues related to the use of, and new developments involving, the MMPI-2: assessment of ethnic-minority clients, international adaptation of the MMPI-2, short forms, and computer applications.

Keywords: MMPI-2; Clinical Scales; short forms; Validity Scales; personality assessment; personality; psychopathology; computer applications; ethnic-minority clients; Content Scales

Article.  19777 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Psychological Assessment and Testing ; Social Psychology

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