Article

Clinical Personality Assessment in the Employment Context

James N. Butcher, Donald K. Gucker and Lowell W. Hellervik

in Oxford Handbook of Personality Assessment

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780195366877
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195366877.013.0030

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Clinical Personality Assessment in the Employment Context

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Clinical personality assessment is not widely used in industrial/organizational psychology for employment selection. The assessment of personality and mental health problems in employment settings is primarily used in evaluating applicants for law enforcement, fire department, nuclear power plant, and airline pilot positions, in which high emotional stability, successful stress skills, and high responsibility are considered important to the performance of a high-risk job. The clinical personality assessment is characteristically conducted post hire and seen as analogous to the pre-employment medical examination. The most widely used psychological test in this application is the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) which has a substantial research base (more than 600 studies) supporting its use. This article provides interpretive guidelines for the MMPI-2 in personnel screening and suggests an effective strategy (retest method) for dealing with defensive applicants.

Keywords: MMPI-2; clinical personality assessment; industrial/organizational psychology; retest method; employment; personnel screening; defensive applicants; personality; mental health problems

Article.  12585 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Psychological Assessment and Testing ; Clinical Psychology

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