Overview and Future Directions Chapter

James N. Butcher

in Oxford Handbook of Personality Assessment

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780195366877
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Overview and Future Directions Chapter

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Personality assessment emerged during the early twentieth century largely through two avenues: development of personality questionnaires for assessing characteristics considered pertinent to screening draftees in the military in World War I, and early experiments with inkblot perception. It broadened into other areas of applied and research psychology including clinical, forensic, and personnel applications as psychologists' professional roles expanded during the twentieth century. An increasing variety of personality inventories and behavioral assessment strategies are now available for use in clinical assessment, including the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory. This book has explored personality-assessment techniques and instruments and highlighted current challenges for personality assessment, while also discussing its potential to contribute further to understanding of personality and adjustment by various approaches. It has also suggested new directions for personality assessment and described the international expansion or globalization of Western-based personality-assessment methodology. Moreover, the book has noted an increasingly broadened and effective cross-cultural collaborative environment for the study of personality and psychopathology with the growing development of personality psychology worldwide.

Keywords: personality assessment; personality questionnaires; psychology; psychopathology; personality; personality inventories; behavioral assessment; clinical assessment; MMPI; Millon Clinical Multiaxial

Article.  8957 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Psychological Assessment and Testing

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