The Nature and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder and the Bipolar Spectrum

Michael W. Otto and Allison J. Applebaum

in The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Psychology

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780195366884
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

The Nature and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder and the Bipolar Spectrum

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In this chapter, we review the nature and treatment of bipolar disorder. We first present a perspective on the disorder, based on the dominant bipolar I and II classifications, and review the current state of medication and empirically supported psychosocial interventions (e.g., cognitive-behavioral therapy, family-focused therapy, interpersonal and social rhythm therapy, and group treatment), including factors that lead to poor treatment response. Given the increased attention to how bipolar I and II may lie at one end of a continuum of patterns of mood instability, we subsequently address spectrum conceptualizations of bipolar disorder. The proposed spectrum models are presented and then considered in relation to revised prevalence rates and treatment implications.

Keywords: Bipolar disorder; bipolar spectrum; cognitive-behavioral therapy; family-focused therapy; interpersonal and social rhythm therapy

Article.  12992 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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