Polarization and Enclaves in Cities

Evan McKenzie

in The Oxford Handbook of Urban Politics

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780195367867
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Polarization and Enclaves in Cities


This article outlines the main concepts associated with urban segmentation and enclave formation. It examines the ways enclaves, segregation, and polarization have been, and continue to be, major concerns in current policy debates in the United States and other nations. The article also discusses the history of the formation of ethnic enclaves, public policies on segregation, and the proliferation of privately governed housing developments and gated communities.

Keywords: urban segmentation; enclave formation; segregation; polarization; policy debates; United States; ethnic enclaves; gated communities; housing developments

Article.  7371 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; Public Policy

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