Article

Naturalism and the Visual Arts

Donald Pizer

in The Oxford Handbook of American Literary Naturalism

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780195368932
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195368932.013.0027

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 Naturalism and the Visual Arts

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This article focuses on the two ways in which the visual arts and naturalistic expression are interrelated during the 1890s and 1930s. The first stems from the immersion of both visual artists and writers in a similar social and artistic milieu, one which encouraged expression to take roughly parallel form and shape in both areas of expression. The second concerns a more specific act of borrowing from a visual form by a writer. It begins by discussing the impact of an 1890s school of New York urban realism in photography and the graphic arts on Theodore Dreiser's Sister Carrie and the relationship of Stephen Crane's writing to photography and impressionism. It then examines the influence of 1930s documentary photography on John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath.

Keywords: New York urban realism; photography; graphic arts; Theodore Dreiser; Stephen Crane; John Steinbeck; naturalist expression

Article.  9385 words. 

Subjects: Literature ; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers)

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