Gerald R. McDermott

in The Oxford Handbook of Evangelical Theology

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780195369441
Published online January 2011 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks


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This introductory article discusses the meaning of the word “evangelical” and outlines evangelical theology's basic assumptions, while distinguishing it from other kinds of Christian theology. It also highlights the new approaches to evangelical theology, discusses the Bible and theological method as well as the theology of salvation, and makes a few projections about its future. There are six evangelical “fundamental convictions,” first proposed by Alister McGrath: the majesty of Jesus Christ; the lordship of the Holy Spirit; the supreme authority of Scripture; the need for personal conversion; commitment to evangelism and missions; the importance of religious community for spiritual nourishment, fellowship, and growth. Evangelicalism tends to use the principle of sola scriptura more radically than the Protestant traditions out of which it grew. As the mainline Protestant traditions become more of a sideline, and evangelicalism vies with Roman Catholicism for dominance in the Global South—the new center of gravity in world Christianity—evangelical theology may continue to be influenced by Catholic thought.

Keywords: Jesus Christ; sola scriptura; evangelical theology; Bible; salvation; evangelicalism; Roman Catholicism; Scripture; Christian theology

Article.  7606 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Philosophy of Religion ; Christianity

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