Faith and Reason

W. Jay Wood

in The Oxford Handbook of Evangelical Theology

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780195369441
Published online January 2011 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Faith and Reason

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The ancient Greeks sometimes referred to humans as the “rational animal.” Our crowning glory and what separates us from the beasts, they thought, is a unique repertoire of cognitive powers, though the complexion of our cognitive powers was then and remains a matter of debate. The following five powers, at any rate, are largely uncontested: perception, memory, introspection, a priori intuition, and inferential reasoning. The notion of faith is equally if not more varied than that of reason. Faith has been variously used to mean a contrast to knowledge, a specific set of theological doctrines, the trust we place in God, a theological virtue, or even an attitude one adopts in the face of the unknown. Faith as trust is intertwined with the other theological virtues of hope and love. The relationships of faith to hope and love point to faith understood in a third sense: faith as a theological virtue.

Keywords: God; faith; reason; cognitive powers; perception; memory; introspection; a priori intuition; inferential reasoning; hope

Article.  7370 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Philosophy of Religion ; Christianity

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