Holy Spirit

Craig Keener

in The Oxford Handbook of Evangelical Theology

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780195369441
Published online January 2011 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Holy Spirit


Although the Spirit has always been important in Trinitarian theology, Pentecostal and charismatic movements (as well as Vatican II in the Roman Catholic Church) have invited renewed attention to the work of the Holy Spirit. This change includes evangelicalism, where the voices of the global South and parts of Asia (now numerically the majority of evangelicals) tend to be charismatic by Western standards. This article examines elements of pneumatology that are most significant in light of both New Testament sources and these global concerns. Evangelical theology's emphasis on Scripture influences the focus on biblical themes in most of this article. In keeping with the growing charismatic emphasis in Christianity, theologians such as Karl Rahner and Jürgen Moltmann have emphasized the ideally charismatic nature of the church that values the giftings and participation of each member. Evangelicals vary widely in worship styles, reflecting both denominational and cultural distinctions. Whether the issue is salvation, moral behavior, mission or ministry to one another in Christ's body, God's own Spirit is the only sufficient empowerment.

Keywords: Holy Spirit; evangelicalism; Trinitarian theology; charismatic movements; pneumatology; New Testament; God; empowerment; worship; Christianity

Article.  6773 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Philosophy of Religion ; Christianity

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