Article

Race

Timothy Tseng

in The Oxford Handbook of Evangelical Theology

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780195369441
Published online January 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195369441.003.0031

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Race

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Religion
  • Philosophy of Religion
  • Christianity
  • Religious Studies

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

This article traces the history of the modern concept of race and various theological responses, thus making a modest contribution to theological anthropology. It assumes that modern racial ideology and racism emerged from the contexts of European and American global dominance between the sixteenth and mid-twentieth centuries. Premodern forms of ethnocentrism are qualitatively different from the modern ideology of race. This article first examines how twentieth-century trends in the study of race have shifted away from natural sciences and toward a social constructionist definition of race. Pietism, the evangelical awakenings, Enlightenment philosophy, and the Social Gospel would later be associated with the abolitionist and civil rights movements. In all these cases, theologians were challenged to incorporate human experience and ethical critique into their theological methodology. Those who did so were more responsive to modern racial ideologies and racist practices. This article also considers Catholic missionaries and the Iberian empires, along with abolitionism and humanism.

Keywords: Enlightenment; race; racism; abolitionism; humanism; missionaries; social constructionism; theological anthropology; evangelical awakenings; racial ideology

Article.  6966 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Philosophy of Religion ; Christianity ; Religious Studies

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.